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Abstract: Catheter-related blood stream infections in the intensive care unit (ICU) are common, costly, and potentially lethal. The Dec 28, 2006, issue of The New England Journal of Medicine reported that an evidence-based intervention in 103 intensive care units in the Michigan Keystone ICU programme had resulted in a large sustained reduction in rates of these infections. The study was widely reported in the popular media and elsewhere as a triumph of the “simple checklist” as a solution to patients’ safety…

C. Bosk, M. Dixon-Woods, C. Goeschel, P. Pronovost (2009) Reality check for checklists, The Lancet, Vol 374, Issue 9688,: 444-445